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Greek I
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Keith Reeves
September 17, 2004
"First and Second Declension Nouns"

I.   Lesson 3 – Noun Vocab (feminine)
A.   αδελφη, η = sister
B.   αληφεια, η = truth
C.   βασιλεια, η = kingdom
D.   γη, η = earth
E.   δοζα, η = glory
F.   εκκλησια, η = assembly, church
G.   εχω = I have
H.   ζωη, η = life
I.   ημερα, η = day
J.   φαλασσα, η = sea, lake
K.   καρδια, η = heart
L.   φωνη, η = voice, sound
M.   ωρα, η = hour, time
II.   Declension of Nouns
A.   First Declension
1.   Typically are feminante
2.   End is α or η
3.   Versions of First Declension Nouns
a.   Pure Alpha (α - ωρα)
b.   Pure Eta (η - φωνη)
c.   Mixed (δοζα)
B.   Second Declension
C.   Third Declension
III.   Cases of Greek Nouns
A.   Nominative
1.   Basic Function: to name or point out
2.   Example
a.   Subject Nominative: A woman buys the cloth
b.   Predicate Nominative: The buyer is a woman
B.   Genitive
1.   Basic Function: to describe or define
2.   Example: A voice of a sister or A sister's voice
C.   Dative
1.   Basic Function: to express personal interest or relationship
2.   Example: I speak truth to a church or You are writing to a sister
D.   Accusative
1.   Basic Function: Limits or qualifies the action of a verb
2.   Example: We see land or Do they have a heart?
E.   Vocative
1.   Basic Function: Direct address
2.   Example: O sister, do you see?
IV.   "Eight Forms a Word"
A.   First Declension
1.   Nominative, Singular –η
2.   Genitive, Singular –ης
3.   Dative, Singular –η
4.   Accusative, Singular –ην
5.   Nominative, Plural –αι
6.   Genitive, Plural –ων
7.   Dative, Plural –αις
8.   Accusative, Plural –ας
B.   Second Declension
1.   Nominative, Singular –ος
2.   Genitive, Singular –ου
3.   Dative, Singular –ω
4.   Accusative, Singular –ον
5.   Nominative, Plural –οι
6.   Genitive, Plural –ων
7.   Dative, Plural –οις
8.   Accusative, Plural –ους
V.   Lesson 4 – Noun vocab (masculine)
A.   αδελφος, ο – brother
B.   αλλα – but
C.   ανθρω "τος – human being, person
D.   δε – but
E.   δουλος, ο – slave
F.   εργον, το – deed, work
G.   θανατος, ο – death
H.   θεος, ο – God, god
I.   κθριος, ο – Lord, master
J.   λογος, ο – word
K.   νομος, ο – law
L.   οικος, ο – house
M.   ουρανος, ο – heaven, sky
N.   τεκνον, το – child
O.   ωιος, ο – son
VI.   
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