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General Epistles
Azusa Pacific University
Mr. Matt Hauge
April 27, 2004
"Canoncity"

I.   Canon lit. means "reed"
A.   Implies measuring stick
B.   Canon essentially provides the requirement of entering into the Bible
II.   Hebrew Bible
A.   The concern for a canonicity arose during the exile so that tradition could be maintained while in captivity
B.   Order of Canonicity of the OT
1.   450 BC - Torah
2.   200 BC - Prophets
I.   Early Prophets - Joshua, Judges, Kings, etc..
II.   Latter Prophets - Jeremiah, Isaiah, etcÉ
III.   Minor Prophets - Amos, Hosea, etcÉ
3.   85 AD - Writings (Psalms, Song of Solomon, Proverbs, etcÉ)
C.   At the time of the New Testament, only the Torah and Prophets (Law & Prophets) were considered part of the canonicity of scripture of the Hebrew Bible
III.   New Testament
A.   Begins with Marcion
1.   100-160 AD
2.   Marcion was Gnostic
3.   Hates the Old Testament because he sees it as old and bad (anti-nomian)
4.   Adopts
I.   Luke (although he edits)
II.   10 Letters of Paul (although he edits)
B.   Centered around four criteria
1.   Apostolic - written by someone who knew Jesus
2.   Catholicity - widely accepted
3.   Ancient - closer to Jesus the better
4.   Orthodox - do the beliefs match up with previous beliefs
C.   Progression of Canonicity (books in order the group placed them)
Muratorian Canon
Eusebius
Athanasius[1]
Martin Luther
200 AD
Early 4th c. AD
367 AD
1500 AD
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
1Corinthians
2Corinthians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
Galatians
1Thessalonians
2Thessalonians
Romans
Philemon
Titus
1Timothy
2Timothy
Jude
1John
2John
Wisdom of Solomon
Revelation to John
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1Corinthians
2Corinthians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
Galatians
1Thessalonians
2Thessalonians
Philemon
Titus
1Timothy
2Timothy
[Hebrews]
1Peter
1John
[Revelation to John?]
Disputed Books:
James
Jude
2Peter
2John
3John
Spurious[2] Books:
Acts of Paul
The Shepherd of Hermes
Revelation of Peter
Epistle of Barnabas
Teachings of the Apostles
[Revelation to John?]
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
James
1Peter
2Peter
1John
2John
3John
Jude
Romans
1Corinthians
2Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1Thessalonians
2thessalonians
Hebrews
1Timothy
2Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Revelation to John
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1Corinthians
2Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1Thessalonians
2Thessalonians
1Timothy
2Timothy
Titus
Philemon
1Peter
2Peter
1John
2John
3John
Hebrews
James
Jude
Revelation to John
IV.   Canon is only a phenomena of community - they are important because we say they are

[1] Athanasius was the proto-canon - meaning that he was the first to have all the books of the accepted canon, only they were in different orders
[2] Spurious means they are popular books that probably have value to certain communities, but should not be understood as canon
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