General Epistles
Azusa Pacific University
Mr. Matt Hauge
April 22, 2004
"Pseudonymity Authorship"

I.   Simeon Peter
A.   Pseudonymity = "false name"
B.   Forgery was relatively widespread in antiquity
1.   Profit as motive
2.   An act of humility (i.e. Socrates & Plato)
3.   To get a hearing for one's view (credibility)
C.   Forging techniques
1.   Claim to be written by a famous person with your intended audience (i.e. Peter or Paul)
2.   Study the writing style of the person you are trying to claim wrote your text
3.   Added elements of verisimilitude (if your author uses something often, you better use it as well)
II.   Authorship
A.   Synoptic Gospel - Anonymous
1.   Matthew - Anonymous
2.   Mark - Anonymous
3.   Luke - Anonymous
B.   Acts - Anonymous (writer of Luke)
C.   Pauline Epistles - All claim to be written by Paul
Definitely Pauline
Probably Pauline
Possibly Pauline
1/2 Timothy
1/2 Corinthians
D.   General Epistles
1.   1 Peter
2.   2 Peter
3.   Hebrews
4.   James
5.   Jude
E.   Johannine Literature
1.   John - Anonymous (Beloved Disciple)
2.   1, 2, 3 John - Anonymous
F.   Apocalyptic Literature
1.   Revelation - John
III.   Petrine Author
A.   Petrine Problems
1.   Peter was a lower class fisherman from Galilee (Mk 1:16)
2.   Also known to have been illiterate (Acts 4:13)
3.   Native tongue was: Aramaic
4.   Letters were written in high Greek
B.   Petrine pseudonymity - he was famous
1.   Apocalypse of Peter
2.   Gospel of Peter
3.   Acts of Peter
C.   Differences between 1Peter & 2Peter
1.   Relationship to the OT
a.   1Peter = loves OT
b.   2Peter = little OT references
2.   60% of vocab in 2Peter is not found in 1Peter
3.   Style of 2Peter is more solemn (very serious) and labored (redundant)
4.   Early church fathers recognized disparity