Adult Development & Spiritual Formation
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Dick Pritchard
February 13, 2004
"Stages of Faith"

I.   Fowler's Stages of Faith (link to short pdf abstract)
A.   Primal Faith (Infant to 2 years old)
1.   Bonding and attachment
2.   Deep sense of rhythms of intimacy
3.   Undifferentiated self
4.   Trust verses sense of basic mistrust
5.   Self-world
6.   Confidence in functional dependence (how do I get what I need)
B.   Intuitive-Projective Faith (2-7 years)
1.   Language emerges in relationships
2.   Formation of deep, long-lasting images
3.   Worlds of meaning and wonder formed
4.   Inquiring freshness with a freedom from preformed constructions
5.   Horizon of meanings expanded from access to liturgical symbols, and traditions
C.   Mythic-Literal Faith (7-12 years)
1.   Concrete operational thinking
2.   Stable categories over feeling, fantasy
3.   Linear, orderly, predictable world
4.   Narrative is forum for shared meanings
5.   Defined by affiliations and actions
6.   Identification of classes; exclusions (i.e. am I someone who gets picked for or last for baseball team, etc &)
D.   Synthetic-Conventional Faith (Adolescence - beyond 12 years)
1.   Use of abstract concepts and ideals
2.   New self-consciousness (who am I in relation to this group)
3.   Identity development
4.   Conventional in process with a unique, individualized result
5.   Embedded in one's faith outlook
6.   Lacking personal critical reflection
E.   Individuative-Reflective Faith
1.   "Executive ego" development
2.   Being and acting from a new quality of self-authorization
3.   More explicit commitment and accountability
4.   Later development often upsets roles and relationships
5.   May become stabilized transitional position
F.   Conjunctive-Faith
1.   Opposites and contradictions are reconciled
2.   Former firm boundaries become porous and permeable
3.   A bridging generation with a new sense of reality and mortality
4.   Disciplined openness to other's truths and traditions; "second na?vet?"
G.   Universalizing Faith
1.   Living divided and in various tensions
2.   Decentration from self
3.   Knowing the world with an expanding radius
4.   Values others and being itself more from the Creator's heart than from an anxious, vulnerable self
5.   Fruit of pervasive response to God's radical love
II.   Reaction to Stages of Faith and the Church
A.   A lot of preaching challenges people to live in stage 7 (G.) - the problem is most people would not recognize themselves in stage 7 (G.)
B.   The problem is that many people try to do this individually and it isn't meant to be - it is suppose to be done in a community