Christian Communities in the Middle East
Jerusalem University College
Dr. Petra Heldt
September 22, 2003
"Status Quo"

I.   Status Quo - sticking with the norm
II.   Status Quo elements of the Middle East
A.   Technical sense means the situation of five holy places regarding their use by those churches who have a right to use it
1.   The year in 1852 recognized that for now on the holy sites belong to all certain churches and it could not be changed
2.   Places
a.   Holy Sepulchre
i.   From the beginning it was the church of all the Christians of all the world
ii.   In the year 638 Jerusalem was conquered by Jerusalem
iii.   Muslims started charging an Entrance Fee, but certain churches paid more or paid less
iv.   In 1004, it was burned down by the Muslims because they didn't want Christians coming anymore
v.   1517, the Ottoman's gain power
vi.   1757, the Greek Orthodox gained back a chunk of the Holy Sepulchre
vii.   1852 Status Quo (refer to Status Quo in the Holy Places)
i.   Greek Orthodox Church
ii.   Franciscans (Catholics)
iii.   Armenians
iv.   Syrians
v.   Copts
b.   Deir El Sultan (House of the Sultan)
i.   Roof on top of the Holy Sepulchre
ii.   The communities of the Ethiopians
iii.   1808 it was given to them
c.   Ascension Church
d.   Church of Mary @ Gethsemane
e.   Nativity Church
3.   Who has the right to be where, and when, and doing what
B.   Broader sense, everything that concerns Christians in the holy land
1.   If Christians weren't allowed to do it back then, they aren't allowed to do it now; but also vice versa
2.   Examples
a.   Voting (no)
b.   Owning property for schools (yes)