Art of Leadership
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Paul Shrier
February 5, 2004
"Leadership by Following: CALLed to Follow"

I.   The Situation
A.   Four well known leadership models
1.   Trait Theory - leaders are born with certain characteristics
2.   Style Theory - you develop effective behavior
3.   Situation Theory - different situations require different approaches
4.   Transformation Theory - leaders create moral transformation in their followers
B.   Focus: it is always on the leader
C.   Problem: there are more followers than there are leaders; we need to learn how to follow
II.   Seven Ways to Follow (from Robert E. Kelly, The Power of Followership, Bible examples added)
A.   Apprentice
1.   Motivation: you desire to learn something that the other person is good at
2.   Method: follow someone who is good
3.   They don't have to be a perfect human being, admire them in what they are good at and ignore what they suck at
4.   Biblical example:
a.   Samuel (1Sam 2:11, 3:1-10)
b.   Joshua (Ex 17:9-14)
B.   Disciple
1.   Motivation: to identify and bond with their leader
2.   Method: grow to understand, believe, and wear the leader's world view that you are following
3.   Secular examples:
a.   Freud
b.   Darwin
4.   Biblical examples:
a.   Jesus had disciples
b.   John the Baptist had disciples
C.   Mentee
1.   Motive: desire for personal improvement (which his different than a desire to learn a skill)
2.   Method: intense one on one relationship with the leader
3.   Biblical examples: Paul & Timothy (1Tim 1:2)
D.   Comrade
1.   Motivation: the desire to belong to a group of people of like mindedness
2.   Method: follow a person to be part of the community
3.   Biblical example: People of Israel (Joshua 24)
E.   Loyalist
1.   Motivation: an emotional commitment to a person
2.   Method: make and keep a commitment to a person
3.   Biblical example: Ruth (Ruth 1:11-12, 15-16)
F.   Dreamer
1.   Motivation: a personal dream/goal
2.   Method: you will do anything in order to achieve a personal dream (doesn't matter if you lead or follow)
3.   Paul exhorts Corinthians to be like this (1Cor 3:3-15)
G.   Lifestyle
1.   Motivation: you recognize that you are a leader and a follower
2.   Method: following out of a conscientious choice
3.   Jesus (John 6:38-40, 8:28, 50, 16:13-15)
III.   Two Major Characteristics of Exemplary Followership
A.   Think independently and critically (Mark 12:28-34)
1.   Willing to question leaders
a.   Effectiveness
b.   Oversights
c.   Ethics
2.   When given a task, they figure out better ways to do the task
B.   Choose to "actively engage" themselves in the group and the task (Mark 5:25-34)
1.   Participate actively (Kelly, 94)
a.   Take initiative
b.   Take ownership
2.   Add value
3.   Relational
4.   Concern for team and individuals who are disadvantaged on a team
IV.   Flawed Following Styles
A.   Alienated Follower (Judas; Mark 14:4-11)
B.   Conforming Followers (Mark 9:31-35)
C.   Pragmatists (Mark 14:29-30, 66-71)
D.   Passive Followers (Peter, James and John; Mark 14:34-41)
V.   Following the New Testament
A.   Jesus called disciples to follow (Mark 8:34-28; Matt 4:19, 8:22, 9:9)
B.   Corinthian church boasted about their leaders and forgot Christ (1Cor 1:11-15, 3:3-15)
C.   Paul had others follow him in the same fashion that he followed Christ (1Cor 11:1, Phil 3:13-17)