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Art of Leadership
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Paul Shrier
February 4, 2004
"History of Leadership Studies"

I.   Leadership is a balance between tasks and relationships
Timeframe
Tasks
Relationship
Leader
1900s
Goal Oriented
-Coercive (power-based)
-Centralization of power
-Great person
-Born
-Charismatic with special traits
1930
Goal Oriented
-Less coercive
-Trait oriented (became broader)
-Group theory
1940
Goal Oriented
Influence
Persuade
-Group theory
1950
Goal Oriented
Non-coercive
1980s
Influence
II.   Hierarchy of Leadership
A.   Leaders
B.   Leadership styles
C.   Leadership studies (studies the style and leaders)
III.   Theories
A.   Exchange Theory (leaders that take critique, suggestions, and input)
B.   Attribution Theory (there are no leaders)
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