Romans & Galatians
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
April 25, 2002
I. Call to Freedom (4:21-5:1)
A. Allegory of Sarah & Hagar (4:21-5:1)
1. Problem - turns the biblical story upside-down
2. diatheke - world order decreed by God
B. Who are the children?
1. Children of Promise - Christian Jews, Jews of Promise, Gentiles of Promise
2. Children of Flesh - Ishmael's descendents were circumcised Gentiles and Paul is trying to show that if Gentiles
circumcise themselves they are entering into the covenant with Ishmael
3. It is our motivation in being "circumcised" (21st Century: obedient,
disciplined, etc & that is the source of our evil
C. "Do not submit again to a yoke of slavery" (5:1)
1. They had been slaves to the "cosmic powers" the Greeks believed in
teachers are coming in are making them slaves to circumcision and obeying the
II. Faith Working through Love (5:2-12)
A. Gal. 5:2 Listen! I, Paul, am telling
you that if you let yourselves be circumcised, Christ will be of no benefit to
you. 3 Once again I testify to every man who lets himself be
circumcised that he is obliged to obey the entire law.
B. It doesn't stop with circumcision
C. The price paid "acceptance" - loss of freedom
2. It won't stop there
D. Christ is now insufficient
E. Not "faith vs. works" - but "faith working through love"
G. "Why am I still being persecuted"
price of social non-acceptance
2. The allure of leaving "no-man's land"
H. Freedom and the spirit - free to love (5:13-15)
of the Flesh; Fruit of the Spirit (5:16-23)
A. Compare to 5:17
B. Flesh and spirit as cosmic forces that fight over the believer
C. Believer as "agent"
of the spirit contrasted with works of the flesh
brought forth by the spirit
involved choice made by the believer
A. Paul writes in his own hand
1. No "amanuensis" (one who takes dictation)
urgency & emotion
B. "Boasting" - a social argument
C. Paul's challenge
way of the cross
access to the spirit