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Romans & Galatians
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
April 25, 2002
"Galatians 4:21-6:18"

I.   Call to Freedom (4:21-5:1)
A.   Allegory of Sarah & Hagar (4:21-5:1)
1.   Problem - turns the biblical story upside-down
2.   diatheke - world order decreed by God
B.   Who are the children?
1.   Children of Promise - Christian Jews, Jews of Promise, Gentiles of Promise
2.   Children of Flesh - Ishmael's descendents were circumcised Gentiles and Paul is trying to show that if Gentiles circumcise themselves they are entering into the covenant with Ishmael
Circumcised Gentiles
Hagar
Galatians4-1Sarah
Ishmael
Isaac
Galatians4-2Slave
Christ. Jew
Promise Jew
Promise Gentiles
Free
Present Jerusalem
New Jerusalem
Flesh
Promise
3.   It is our motivation in being "circumcised" (21st Century: obedient, disciplined, etc & that is the source of our evil
C.   "Do not submit again to a yoke of slavery" (5:1)
1.   They had been slaves to the "cosmic powers" the Greeks believed in
2.   New teachers are coming in are making them slaves to circumcision and obeying the law
II.   Faith Working through Love (5:2-12)
A.   Gal. 5:2 Listen! I, Paul, am telling you that if you let yourselves be circumcised, Christ will be of no benefit to you. 3 Once again I testify to every man who lets himself be circumcised that he is obliged to obey the entire law.
B.   It doesn't stop with circumcision
C.   The price paid "acceptance" - loss of freedom
1.   A Needless price
2.   It won't stop there
D.   Christ is now insufficient
E.   Not "faith vs. works" - but "faith working through love"
F.   Williams
1.   faith is vertical
2.   love is horizontal
G.   "Why am I still being persecuted"
1.   The price of social non-acceptance
2.   The allure of leaving "no-man's land"
H.   Freedom and the spirit - free to love (5:13-15)
III.   Works of the Flesh; Fruit of the Spirit (5:16-23)
A.   Compare to 5:17
B.   Flesh and spirit as cosmic forces that fight over the believer
C.   Believer as "agent"
1.   Fruits of the spirit contrasted with works of the flesh
2.   Works brought forth by the spirit
3.   Yet involved choice made by the believer
IV.   Postscript (6:11-18)
A.   Paul writes in his own hand
1.   No "amanuensis" (one who takes dictation)
2.   Demonstrates urgency & emotion
B.   "Boasting" - a social argument
C.   Paul's challenge
1.   The way of the cross
2.   Gives access to the spirit
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