Romans & Galatians
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
April 16, 2002
"Galatians 1:1-2:10"

I.   Outline of Galatians 1:1-2:14
A.   Introduction (1:1-5)
B.   Paul's Defense (1:6-2:21)
1.   Paul's Rebuke
2.   the Source of Paul's Gospel (1:11-24)
a.   Gives evidence that he is under attack
b.   He establishes he is not from Satan and from God
3.   Paul in Jerusalem (2:1-10)
4.   Paul's Confrontation with Peter (2:11-14)
II.   Paul the Apostle (1:1-10)
A.   Standard greeting
B.   apostolos - emissary, "one who is sent out"
1.   Challenge to authority
2.   Paul's "back-up" - v. 2 "and all the brothers with me"
a.   Plea to others that believe his way
b.   It doesn't matter his contenders are pulling up Peter or James
C.   The present evil age
1.   Reference to all the mysticism and magic
2.   Not just a matter of Roman Empire, or human sin
D.   Paul's rebuke
1.   What is a "gospel"?
2.   The "different gospel" of the Influencers
3.   The outburst of Paul in verse 10 deviates from his line of thought (read 9 & 11 with out reading 10) - HE WAS MAD!
E.   Issue of Social Pressure
III.   The Source of Paul's Gospel (1:11-17)
A.   "not of human origin"
B.   No process of reflection (unlike Romans 7)
1.   No agony
2.   No guilt about the law
3.   He was confirmed of an immediate revelation from God
C.   Paul's call
1.   Not a conversion
a.   He still loved the same God
b.   He had a new task
2.   The ekklesia - "called out" ones (v.13)
3.   Abrupt change
4.   Involved transformation
5.   Rhetorical focus on the response
D.   Is Scripture the ultimate authority?
IV.   Paul and Cephas /Peter (1:18-24)
A.   Itinerary
1.   Arabia (Nabatea) and Damascus
2.   After 3 years, to Jerusalem to see Cephas/Peter
a.   It does not seem like Peter corrected or rebuked him at all
b.   One must conclude that nothing changed after his 15 day visit to Peter
3.   To Syria and Cilicia to preach
V.   Paul in Jerusalem (2:1-10)
A.   After 14 years, to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus (a gentile)
B.   Why is Paul concerned about running in vain? (2:2)
1.   There was clearly some sort of tension between Paul and the Jerusalem church
2.   His theology requires that there is unity within the church
3.   He wasn't worried that he was wrong and had he defend himself (did not need affirmation); but that simply his Gentile mission did not work with out the Jewish hand
C.   Conflict at the Meeting
1.   Sarcastic comment about the acknowledge leaders - Paul was not happy with Peter and James
2.   Paul was on one extreme -> Peter & James in the middle holding the two together -> Paul's accusers were on the other extreme
D.   Agreement - a two-way division of the mission (2:7-9)
1.   Peter still preaches a gospel that involved keeping the law
2.   Paul still preaches a gospel that does not involve keeping the law to the Gentiles
3.   These gospels are radically different but they are both from God
E.   Resulted in the "pillars" (Jerusalem leaders) affirming Paul's message
F.   Paul not commissioned to preach to Jews with the "anti-law" Gospel