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Romans & Galatians
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
April 9, 2002
"Romans 16:1-27"

I.   Final Greetings Romans 16
A.   Note large number of women
1.   40% of Paul's co-workers
2.   Indicates active role in ministry
B.   Phoebe - prostais or ruling elder
C.   Andronics and Junia - the first sex change in history (the person was actually a women but the church changed her name to be a man)
II.   Paul & Women
A.   Tension in Paul's thought between
1.   Egalistarianism (Galatians 3:28; 1Cor 7:2-5, 7-8_; 11:4-5; Roman 16:1-2,7)
2.   Patriarchaalism (1Cor 11:3 [but see 11:11]; 11:4-6, 7-9, 13; 14:34-35)
B.   Accounting for the Difference
1.   Solution 1: Attribute all egalitarianism to Paul's Christian thought & all patriarchalism to external thought (either Jewish or Greco-Roman)
2.   Solution 2: Recognize that Paul, like others of his day, was ambivalent [undecided]
C.   Gundry-Volf Conclusion
1.   Marriage - Social distinction exists
2.   Church Life - Social distinction doesn't exists
III.   Final Hymn Rom 16:25-27
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