Romans & Galatians
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
March 5, 2002
"The Work of the Spirit"

I.   No Condemnation (8:1-13)
A.   8:1-2 it's not about guilt - it's about where you stand in the cosmos
1.   The law forces us to be hard on ourselves and live in guilt
2.   Christ offers a freedom from guilt along with sin
B.   The law only had the power to condemn those not under its supervision - it had no provision for forgiveness for them
C.   The "just requirements of the law" - Paul's Spirit-filled ethics drives his approach to law
1.   The power is in the act of sending Christ
2.   It is a cosmic power of sin that has to be defeated
3.   Being spilled with the spirit is all about behavior
II.   Justification Rather than Forgiveness
A.   Why the focus on justification to the exclusion of forgiveness
1.   Because it's a macro, not a micro focus
a.   Forgiveness is very much a micro thing & personal issue
b.   Justification is a macro-level concept
2.   Because the term always shows up in the context of the relationship between Jews and Gentiles
3.   Justification, not law, is the basis for an ekklesia made up of Jews and Gentiles
4.   In Greek (dikaioma) and Hebrew (tzedaqa), "righteousness" and "justification" are the same word
B.   The concept involves the corporate vindication of all of God's people (the "setting right" of the cosmos)
III.   Weakness Rather than Sin
A.   Distinguishes between weakness and sin
B.   Removes the possibility of guilt
C.   Paul uses weakness in a variety of way
1.   As a synonym for sin (in only one place) - Rom. 5:6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly
2.   To denote physical weakness (Paul had a physical weakness)
3.   To denote our utter dependence on God - we know we can't fight Satan