Romans & Galatians
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
February 19, 2002
"Adam & Christ"

I.   Adam & Christ
A.   Like Abraham/Christ, Adam/Christ is an important motif
B.   Romans5Just as faith precedes the law, so innocence precedes the law
C.   The new state of the Gentile believers
1.   From enemies to being at peace
2.   From far to near
3.   From hopeless to hopeful
4.   From bereft to having the Spirit
a.   Our reasons for receiving the Holy Spirit:
i.   Receive comfort
ii.   Makes God's presence real
iii.   Empowered
iv.   Open up communication with God
v.   Unites us with God
b.   Paul's Reason: The Holy Spirit is the evidence that we are God's children
II.   Peace and Suffering
A.   Gentiles experiencing persecution as believers
1.   Not from the Jews; but rather the Pagans
2.   Rom. 13:1 Let every person be subject to the governing authorities; for there is no authority except from God, and those authorities that exist have been instituted by God. 2 Therefore whoever resists authority resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment.
3.   Gentile-Roman-Christians would have been persecuted by the governing body and within the body of Christ from the Jews
B.   "Suffering produces endurance"
C.   "Endurance produces character"
D.   "Hope that does not disappoint"
III.   The Love of God (Romans 5:6-11)
A.   As gentiles we DON'T have a claim to God saying, "you promised this to me"
B.   We are kind of like the foster kids that keep getting passed around and finally we get accepted by the best parent possible even though they didn't have to accept us
C.   Breadth of love demonstrated by death of Chris
D.   Especially for Gentiles
E.   Powerless and enemies
F.   Reconciliation and salvation - death and life
1.   It was the reconciliation that was the hard part
2.   The salvation is the easy part
IV.   Paul's Theology
A.   A Conundrum:
1.   How does God's righteousness ("setting right") get manifested among Gentiles?
2.   How does it do so without negating God's promises to Israel?
B.   Election
1.   All are "set right" through the faith in/of Jesus (Romans 3:22)
2.   God is impartial as far as eschatological salvation is concerned
a.   Election is a means to an end, not an end in itself
b.   When some group/person is elected it isn't them who God is caring about as much as those he is ELECTED to go serve
C.   Participation in Christ
1.   How do law-free Gentiles avoid lawlessness (Romans 6:1)
2.   Answer: participation in Christ (6:3)
3.   Because of Christ's resurrection, we can walk in newness of life
a.   Although our physical is deteriorating and we have to work harder to maintain that; if we continue to live in Christ's resurrection it becomes easier to live like him as we "grow old"
b.   It puts things in perspective; although we are a whole (spirit and body) we aren't consumed with any one aspect of it.
V.   Pauline Trajectories Romans5b