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American Government
Azusa Pacific University
Mr. Jonathon Pyles
November 9, 2004
"The Supreme Court"

I.   Justices
A.   William H. Rehnquist, Chief Justice
1.   Born October 1, 1924 (80)
2.   Associate Justice 1972
3.   Chief Justice 1986
4.   First Scandinavian-American
5.   Conservative
6.   State rights (U.S. v. Lopez)
7.   School vouchers (Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002))
8.   New Robe (Gilbert and Sullivan)
9.   Congenial; well-ordered Court (not all Justices were)
B.   John Paul Stevens
1.   Born April 20, 1920 (84)
2.   Associate Justice 1975
3.   Moderate to liberal
C.   Sandra Day O'Connor
1.   Born March 26, 1930 (74)
2.   Associate Justice 1981
3.   First woman on Supreme Court
4.   Ideological center
5.   Oral and written arguments directed to her
6.   "The most powerful woman in the country"
D.   Antonin Scalia
1.   Born March 11, 1936 (68)
2.   Associate Justice 1986
3.   First Italian-American
4.   Leading conservative
5.   Literal interpretation of text of Constitution
6.   Aggressive, sharp opinions
E.   Anthony Kennedy
1.   Born July 23, 1936 (68)
2.   Associate Justice 1988
3.   Moderate conservative
4.   Often deciding vote with O'Connor
5.   Sided with liberals on cases dealing with homosexual rights and upholding Roe v. Wade
6.   Sided with conservatives on federalism, affirmative action, capital punishment
F.   David Souter
1.   September 17, 1939 (65)
2.   Associate Justice 1990
3.   Leans Liberal
4.   Mugged last April
G.   Clarence Thomas
1.   Born June 23, 1948 (56)
2.   Associate Justice 1991
3.   Controversial appointment (opposed by NAACP, Anita Hill charges)
4.   Second black justice
5.   Youngest justice on Court
6.   A leading conservative
7.   Original intent
H.   Ruth Bader Ginsburg
1.   Born March 15, 1933 (71)
2.   Associate Justice 1993
3.   Moderate Liberal
I.   Stephen Breyer
1.   August 13, 1938 (66)
2.   Associate Justice 1994
3.   Moderate liberal
4.   Regarded as "intellectual counterweight" to Scalia
II.   Intersting stuff
A.   Who is likely to go...
1.   William Rehnquist (conservative)
2.   John Paul Stevens (liberal)
3.   Sandra Day O'Connor (center)
B.   Political Stand-point Breakdown
1.   Conservative
a.   Rehnquist
b.   Scalia
c.   Thomas
2.   Liberal
a.   Stevens
b.   Bryer
c.   Souter
d.   Ginsberg
3.   Middle
a.   Kennedy
b.   O'Connor (especially)
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