Romans & Galatians
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
January 10, 2002
"Introduction to Romans & Galatians"
I. The Problem: Finding Paul's Convictional Core
A. Was not accepted as the "saint" we view him today
B. What was his "true" message and for what purpose
II. Key Issues in Romans & Galatians (not necessarily his other letters)
A. Jews and Gentiles - Issue equivalent to the "racial issues" of today
B. The Place of Biblical Law
C. Status of Jews after Jesus
1. Jews and "Christians" weren't separated into two separate religions like today but they were forming two very different sects within the same religion
was committed to the unity of the chosen people of God so he could not just walk away from the "new religion"
the Jews hold an advantage over the Gentiles
Then what advantage
has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? Great in every
respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.
There is no longer Jew or Greek, there is no longer slave or
free, there is no longer male and female; for all of you are one in Christ
function does the Law Hold
For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous in God's sight, but the doers of the law who will be justified.
So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be
justified by faith in Christ and not by observing the law, because by
observing the law no one will be justified.
V. Reading Paul in Light of Tradition
was influenced immensely by Paul
immensely influenced Martin Luther
B. Martin Luther
of the two fathers of the protestant reformation
during the 1500
a Catholic Monk who really wants to do good and obey God
4. Luther considered Paul's writings the most important writings of the entire Bible
a. Considers Paul much like himself
b. Paul did what he did not want to do; Luther hated himself for his sin
c. Paul struggled between the Jews & the Gentiles; Luther had to fight
the Catholic church
VI. The Doctrine of Justification by Faith - "Justification by faithÉ[is] the principle doctrine of Christianity" - Martin Luther
VII. Major players have different questions with different concerns for their
day all quoting the same concept
A. Habakkuk (est 610 BC)
1. Original writer of the "just shall live by faith"
prominent Old Testament Jew
B. Paul (40-60 AD)
C. Augustine (late 300 AD)
D. Luther (1500s AD)
E. Present day looks at Habakkuk, Paul, and even Augustine all through our "Lutheran lens"