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Introduction to the Modern Middle East
Jerusalem University College
Mr. Oded Yinon
November 17, 2003
"The Arab-Israel Conflict"

I.   War of 1948 on Palestine/Israel
A.   1946 - British-Jewish Rift (Riots)
B.   Nov 29, 1947 - UN Partition Resolution
C.   Nov 30, 1947 - 1948 War Erupts - lasts until Feb 1949
D.   Stages of the War
1.   Stage I
a.   Internal (Palestinian) Offensive
b.   Nov 30, 1947 - Apr 3, 1948
c.   1,500 Dead
2.   Stage II
a.   Apr 3 - May 15, 1948
b.   Hashanah-Jewish Offensive (mixed)
c.   Towns taken by Israel: Haifa, Jaffa, Zafd
d.   21,000 Dead
e.   Tiberius, coastline were safe
3.   Stage III
a.   May 15 - June 1949
b.   Biggest Arab Offensive
c.   Invasion on all fronts (30 days)
4.   Stage IV
a.   May 31 - Oct 30, 1948
b.   June 11 - July 11, 1948 - First cease fire
c.   First Israeli Offensive
5.   Stave V
a.   Oct 31, 1948 - Feb, 1949
b.   Armistice
c.   All Arab armies withdraw
II.   1967 War
A.   1964-67 - The Arabs were talking amongst each other but had unity issues
B.   1967
1.   Nassar drove his army into the Sinai
2.   May 22, 1967 - Israel then mobilized
a.   Decided to preemptively protect itself regardless of the world (UN) supported them
b.   Egypt was driving closer and closer
3.   June 6, 1967
a.   Israel sent there air force into Egypt
b.   In 3 hours, ALL of there air force bases were destroyed and Egypt has not recovered yet
c.   In the next 72 hours they destroyed the Jordanian air bases as well
d.   The entire Arab "air power" was destroyed
e.   440 Arab planes were destroyed in this time - they lost 60 planes
4.   June 9, 1967
a.   Israeli Army division went into and took capture the Suez
b.   They also took all of Jerusalem, and the whole West Bank
c.   They also took the Golan Heights, only two hours from Damascus
III.   Two Phases of Arab / Israel Conflict
A.   1948-67
1.   Pre-67 War Ideology - Liquidation of Israel by any means possible
2.   War, peace, economic, demography, UN resolution, & Diplomacy
3.   Arab aim in conflict
a.   Annihilation
b.   Fulfilling UN resolution
i.   UN 181 - 47 lines (two states) solution
ii.   UN 191 - Refugees return from Jordan policy
c.   Bourgiba Policy (Tunisia) 1965 - Failed
d.   Nasser's Policy - confrontation 1956-67
e.   From Arab unity to war
f.   Annihilation justified: evils of Zionism, Israel
i.   Expansionist
ii.   Imperialist
iii.   Weak
iv.   No society
v.   Imperial support
vi.   Jewish weakness
g.   Conflict endless, eternal - PLO covenant 1964
B.   1967-Today
1.   UN Resolutions
a.   UN 242 - 11/22/1967
i.   Peace for occupied territories
ii.   Accepted 1970
b.   UN 181 & 191 / 194 & 242 & 338
2.   Treaty of Peace with Egypt - Camp David Accords 1978
3.   Damp David Failed 2000
4.   Jordan Treaty in 1994
5.   PLO Accepts UN 242 in 1988
a.   Failure of 192 War
b.   Failure of Oslo I & Oslo II
6.   Accords 1994 & 1995 - PLO & Hamas vs. Israel
IV.   Two Stages of the State of Israel
A.   1948-67
1.   Population Increase
a.   1948-1954 - 735,000 cam in
b.   Leaving Israel to US
i.   1949 - 266 per 1,000 US
ii.   1954 - 16 per 1,000
c.   685,000 stayed in Israel
d.   Break Down
i.   34% Asia
ii.   46% Europe
iii.   17.5% North Africa
2.   Wars
a.   1956 War
i.   Peaces 1957-1968
ii.   Arab Terror
iii.   US Aid
iv.   German Reparations to Jewish Aid
b.   1967 War
i.   Real victory - 1st in history
ii.   Israel takes areas 5x bigger, including Jerusalem
B.   1967-Today
1.   Wars
a.   Attrition war
i.   1967-70
ii.   Ceasefire - 1970
b.   1973 War
i.   Real massive war on two fronts
ii.   3,000 die
iii.   Political change 1977
iv.   Peace
c.   1982 War
i.   Last war (Lebanon)
ii.   Complete failure
2.   Intifada 1987/2000
a.   Both failures
b.   Oslo Accords
i.   Oslo I & II both failures
ii.   Camp David success
iii.   1978 failure
3.   Israel Economic Miracle
a.   From 1960-80 of aid dominate military balance
b.   Finance since 1974 = 150 Billion US Aid (Military & Economic)
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