Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
November 21, 2001
"The Jerusalem Assembly - Acts 3:12-4:31"

I.   Peter's Second Sermon
A.   Same patter, different focus
1.   1st sermon - exaltation
2.   2nd sermon - power to work wonders
B.   3:13 - "whom you handed overÉ
1.   Audience: still Jews in Jerusalem
2.   As message leaves Jerusalem latter he abandons this claim
3.   He didn't want a blanket accusations to all Jews of all time; just the Jews who actually did hand him over
C.   3:17 - "I know that you acted in ignorance" - Unlike in America, in Biblical history actions done in with deliberate intent but with ignorance was often excused
D.   3:25 - "in your descendants all the families of the earth shall be blessed" - he still understands the blessing on descendents is within Judaism
E.   3:26 - "When God raised up his servant, he sent him first to you" - the first mention of a message that would go beyond the Jews
II.   Peter & John Before the Sanhedrin
A.   Phase 1 - Arrest
1.   4:4 - "many of those who heard the word believed; and they numbered about five thousand [men]."
a.   Population was estimated at 25,000 - 30,000 in all of Jerusalem
b.   They may have been arrested just for crowd control
c.   Luke does not share the idea that the "Jews" rejected Christ - Luke writes of thousands of Jews that come to Christ
B.   Phase 2 - Hearing before the Sanhedrin
1.   This is the same crowd that called a meeting the night before Christ was killed
2.   4:6 - "with Annas the High Priest"
a.   Served 6-15 AD
b.   Called in for special meeting or were they serving concurrently?
3.   4:6 - Caiaphas - was the actual High Priest at the time
4.   Peter's Sermon (4:10-12) - same creedal statement as before
a.   Jesus is crucified, resurrected & glorified
b.   Mentions their use of the "name of Jesus" - implying his name is power
c.   Call's the Sanhedrin for personal responsibility
d.   Call for salvation - "holistic salvation" (out of bondage, soul saved, body saved)
e.   Same essential message to the "crowds" but where they come in the 1000s, the leaders reject it
f.   Luke still hitting the message the chief priests and Jewish leaders were erroneous
5.   Sanhedrin goes into meeting to discuss "what are they going to do with these guys?"
a.   There are now more followers then Jesus had
b.   Why didn't they just send them off to Pilate also to have them killed
c.   If 12 guys and some women were able to bring this following by the death of Jesus, what will now there are 1000s of believers
III.   Apostle Pray for Boldness (4:23-31)
A.   Prayer as theology
B.   Why did the Gentiles rage, and the peoples imagine vain things? The kings of the earth took their stand and the rulers have gathered together against the Lord and against his Messiah
1.   Cross reference with Psalm 2:1-2
2.   When first written by David, he was writing about his own situation
3.   New interpretation of David's prayer
a.   Gentiles = Romans
b.   peoples = the peoples of Israel
c.   kings of the earth = Herod Antipas
d.   rulers = Pontius Pilate