Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
November 14, 2001
"Spirit Works Begins - Acts 1:1-26"

I.   The Day of Pentecost
A.   Pentecost
1.   Major pilgrim festival
2.   Hebrew Shavuout
3.   Connection with Passover
4.   Day after the 7th Sabbath day after Passover (7 x 7 = 49 +1 = 50)
B.   Pentecost and Sinai
1.   Exodus 19:16; Deut 4:11-12
2.   Apocryphal traditions: Josephus, Philo, Targums, rabbinic literatures, apocalyptic literature
II.   The Outpouring
A.   Sound, wind, thunder
1.   Wind and thunder invokes and implies that idea that the Spirit is God
2.   Also points to the days of Moses on the mountains
B.   Apocalyptic events
C.   Presence of God/Holy spirit
D.   Wind evokes Gen. 1:2
E.   Fire evokes:
1.   Judgment
2.   Divine presences
3.   "Tongues as of fire" (2:3)
a.   1Enoch 14:8; 71:5
b.   DSS Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice
III.   Peter's Speech
A.   Speeches in Acts
1.   28 speeches
2.   Almost 1/3 of the book
3.   Often interpret meaning of narrative
B.   Part 1
1.   Quotation from Joel 2:28-31 - "Then afterward I will pour out my spirit on all flesh; yours sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old me shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. Even on the male and female slaves in those days, I will pour out my spirit. I will show portents in the heavens and on the earth, blood, and fired and columns of smoke. The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes."
2.   "For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be those who escape, as the Lord has said, even among the survivors whom the Lord calls" - Joel 2:32
C.   Part 2 - the early kerygma:
1.   Jesus did wondrous deeds authorized by God
2.   Jesus' death according to God's plan, but humans bear responsibilities
3.   Jesus now exalted and empowered to bestow Holy Spirit
4.   The Apostles are his witnesses
D.   Part 3
1.   Psalm 16 & 110 interpreted messianically
2.   Reiterates exaltation theme
E.   Part 4
1.   Invitation to repentance
2.   Climax of speech
IV.   Pattern of Community Involvement
A.   Instruction
B.   Prayer
C.   Offering
D.   Worship - temple service [avodah]
E.   Breaking bread
F.   "continuing with one mind the temple" (2:46)
V.   Common Pattern in Acts
A.   Miracles
1.   First half of Acts performed by Peter
2.   Second half of Acts performed by Paul
B.   Crowd assembles -> hears proclamation -> believes in message
C.   Arrest
D.   Vindication
E.   Purpose of this Pattern
1.   It provides an easy transition from Peter to Paul (you almost don't notice it)
2.   It almost becomes the bigger picture is on God instead of who is doing the leading
3.   What better way to demonstrate that their movement is not in conflict with Roman government, what better way then to show case after case when the leaders are vindicated in front of government leaders