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Luke/Acts
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
November 7, 2001
"The Story Continues - Acts 1:1-26"

I.   Nepotism in Ancient Israel
A.   Guaranteed faithfulness, hence maintained status quo for the family
B.   Function of "strong group" societies
1.   Put the group above the person
2.   Very common and popular to do during this time period
C.   Family's interests sustained and strengthened
D.   A form of patron/client relations
1.   Primary client: family members
2.   You [patron] were expected to take care of your clients
II.   The Two Ascension Date Problem
A.   Luke and Acts could originally been one book
1.   Originally it would have been one book and then later on somebody broke it up into two
2.   Since it was broken up, it needed a new an intro so it was added later
3.   People who hold to this solution hold to the fact that the Gospel's version is probably more accurate - it may not have been one day, but at least no where near 40 days
B.   Two accounts: two purposes
1.   By the time Luke got around to writing Acts he could have had a whole separate purpose compared to when he wrote Luke
2.   Powerful Significant
a.   Sinai connection
i.   40-day period (days in the wilderness, raining, etc &)
ii.   Pentecost
b.   Numbers were very important to Jews
3.   In Luke, ascension was final; in Acts it is the beginning - theme: continuity
a.   The "Jesus movement" was criticized harshly for being "new"
b.   Luke's objective is to show that it does have a background (the OT) and this is the story continued
III.   Preparation for the Spirit
A.   Waited ten days
1.   Day 40 Jesus ascended and told followers to wait and pray for the Spirit to come
2.   Pentecost (Day 50) is when the Holy Spirit shows up
B.   Significance of the women
IV.   Choosing of Matthias
A.   Peter's new role
1.   End of Luke: Peter looked downed upon
2.   Beginning of Acts: Peter had great authority
3.   Indicated that his status had been restored and was accepted by the community
B.   Drawing lots
1.   Leadership Criteria
a.   Qualification
i.   Being with Christ since His baptism
1.   Baptism was formal beginning of His ministry
2.   Everything would be first hand account - not "I heard" but "I saw"
3.   Witnesses the presence of God
ii.   Witness the resurrection
b.   Divine choice
2.   Human/divine participation
C.   Definition of Apostle: One who is sent out
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