Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
October 22, 2001
"Death and Resurrection - Luke 23:32-24:53"

I.   The Mount of Olives in Israel's Memory
A.   David worshipped there (2Sam 15:32)
B.   Ezekiel had vision of God's shekinah (presence) leaving Temple and dwelling on the Mount of Olives until Israel repented and was restored (Ezek 11:23)
C.   Solomon erected pagan altars there (1Kings 11:7)
D.   Signal site for new moons and holidays
E.   Messiah to descend there per tradition
F.   Jesus spent time there
G.   Jesus ascended from there per Acts (1:9-12)
II.   Crucifixion in Ancient Rome
A.   Very common punishment
B.   Public aspect of primary importance
1.   The issue was deterrence more than punishment - although punishment was obviously there
2.   Carrie out on major roads
C.   Response to humiliation by petty bandits
D.   Met humiliation with humiliation
1.   Partially naked if not completely naked
2.   Many people would be there watching - it took days for people to die
E.   Two immediate causes of death
1.   Asphyxiation
2.   Shock from blood loss
III.   Jesus' Threat to Rome
A.   Challenge to the Temple system
B.   Challenge to the social, economic, and political status quo
C.   NOT Because he claimed to be Christ in a spiritual sense
IV.   The Players in the Crucifixion (Luke's portrayal)
A.   Those who taunt
1.   Leaders (23:35)
2.   Soldiers (23:36)
3.   A Criminal (23:39)
4.   NO MOCKING from the crowd though
a.   Specifically separates the crowd from the leaders and those in position
b.   A different tone from the crowds that were asking for his crucifixion - almost as they saw how Rome was "beating him up" and they couldn't believe what they had done
B.   Jesus turns status markers upsides-down
C.   Centurion affirms his innocence (23:47)
D.   Crowds immediately repentant (23:48)
V.   The Resurrection
A.   The women witnesses
1.   First witnesses in all four gospels
2.   Huge statement because in Jewish times they were not allowed to serve as witnesses
3.   The men all ran like chickens, but it was the women who decided to still obey
4.   Men are portrayed as disbelief and blowing off the women
B.   Proof from prophecy
1.   Provides interpretive matrix for events (a way to understand the events)
a.   What does it mean that He died?
b.   What does it mean that He rose?
c.    &and others
2.   Strengthens the message of the disciples
3.   Connects the message of the gospel squarely with the OT tradition
VI.   Appearance in Jerusalem
A.   In Luke - Jesus doesn't appear in Galilee
1.   The temple was in Jerusalem and that was an important theme in Luke
2.   Jerusalem was city of God's people - if He was the king, He had to make it in Jerusalem
B.   The Ascension of Jesus
1.   Luke says Jesus ascended to heaven in 1 day; Acts says it was 40 days
2.   Luke's ascension account reminds us of the transfiguration