Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
October 15, 2001
"Arrival in Jersualem - Luke 18:1-19:40"

I.   The Unjust Judge
A.   Two parables in one
1.   Kal v'chomer (minor to major) argument
a.   If the unjust judge will be willing to help how much more will the awesome God
b.   If the minor is true, how much more is the major going to be true
c.   Shouldn't be so shocking to compare God to an evil man; used to show the contrast and extreme
2.   Prayer
a.   Persistent prayer
b.   Faith-inspired prayer
i.   Important relation to the time Luke was written (80 AD)
ii.   Jews would have expected Jesus to establish his kingdom by now
B.   The image of the widow
1.   Widows had no status
2.   Viewed as week and helpless
C.   Parallels with parable of the Dishonest Manager
1.   Both cases have a "negative" person given to be the example of God
II.   The Entry to Jerusalem
A.   Geographic climax - Jerusalem
1.   Symbolic Power (specifically the temple situated in Jerusalem)
2.   Geographic Power - located on the top of a mountain that is hard to get to
B.   Historical climax
C.   Traditional (before Jesus' time) Eschatological Beliefs - Entry into Jerusalem
1.   Came from the east
2.   Came from the top of Mt. Olives
3.   Came riding a donkey
4.   Had raised the dead
5.   Crossed the Kidron to reach the temple
6.   Malachi 3:1 (LXX) - See, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me, and the Lord (kurios - title of respect to another human being) whom you seek will suddenly come to his own temple. The messenger of the covenant whom you look for -indeed, he is coming says the LORD (YHVH - the personal, Hebrew God) of hosts