Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
October 3, 2001
"Kingdom Teaching - Luke 11:1-54"

  1. Exorcism
    1. Zoroastrian Influence
    KingdomTeaching1 KingdomTeaching2Ahura Mazda
    (Supreme God - neither good nor evil)
    Spenta Mainyu
    (good deity)
    Angra Mainyu
    (evil deity)
    1.   Satan not found in the OT
    2.   The Adversary found in the NT is much different than the Adversary found in Job
    3.   Jewish culture may have been influenced by the Zoroastrian Influence (diagram above)
    1. Exorcism in the Gospel
    1.   Rousseau & Arav: "Hostile possessionÉas the occupying of a person by an adverse invisible entity" [or entities]
    2.   Jesus as Exorcist
    a.   He is showing to have ultimate authority over these spirits
    b.   These demons confess Him to be the Son of God
    c.   He doesn't use formulas and solutions like other exorcists (except for the instant with the saliva)
    d.   Does not need to call on a power higher than Himself
    3.   Exorcism and the Kingdom
    a.   There will be no evil when the kingdom is brought in fully
    b.   The "earthly exorcism" were a snapshot of the age to come when there would be no evil, or illness
    c.   Shows God's power and authority over demons and Satan
    1. Jesus and the Pharisees
    2. Pharisee possibly comes from the Hebrew word persuh meaning separate
    3. Not much info outside of the NT
    4. Josephus
    1.   The only Pharisee, besides Paul, that wrote anything about the culture
    2.   He had a bias though
    a.   Claimed that Pharisees were very popular with the people - the big movement that the Jesus movement had to compete with
    b.   Claimed they had great social power
    1. Beliefs of the Pharisees according to Josephus and the Book of Acts
    1.   Physical resurrection
    a.   Different from most Jews who believed death basically ended all
    b.   Sheol, the place of death found in the OT, was referred to as an empty place of nothingness - no heaven or hell
    2.   Divine intervention
    a.   The Sadducees believed basically in Deism
    b.   Not fate or destiny for a human being
    3.   Traditional interpretation
    a.   When Bible verses needed to be interpreted beyond what the scripture says, they sided with tradition - do things as our ancestor did
    b.   Many "extra" traditions, like washing before dinner, were added
    1. "Pharisee" movement was the closest movement to Jesus followers
    1.   Many Pharisees become followers of Jesus because they were so similar
    a.   Not one instance of a Sadducee becoming a follower
    b.   It is almost as if He did not even try with the Sadducees
    c.   He spent His time challenging the Pharisees, they were not his enemy as much as his project
    2.   Many Pharisees did have a pure heart and they were the ones that
    3.   Jesus even said their teachings were right - their attitudes that were just wrong