Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
October 1, 2001
"Jesus Confirms His Words - Luke 9:1-10:52"

I.   Preachers of the Kingdom (9:1-10)
A.   First Jesus preaches
B.   Now disciples commissioned
1.   Given secret knowledge and new authority
2.   Central role of kingdom preaching for Luke
a.   No longer does race, or physical qualities establish who gets to interact with God
b.   Healing only supports His contentions for the kingdom - nothing can hold you back from accessing God
II.   Feeding of the Five Thousand (9:11-17)
A.   Told in all four gospels - including John but not Thomas
B.   Luke locates at Bethsaida (cf 10:13)
1.   Only one that locates it here
2.   Could be done here because of the "woes" given by Jesus later to set the stage
C.   Context of the miracle - Is the eradication of hunger the primary goal of God?
1.   The miracle affirms the message of the kingdom God
2.   The provision is a benefit of being in the kingdom but not a central goal of the message
III.   Peter Proclaims Jesus as Messiah (9:18-36)
A.   Luke follows Mark
1.   Luke skips a chapter and a half
a.   Puts it right after the feeding of the 5000
b.   Luke wanted to express "who this man is" after people were such an amazing miracle
2.   He wants there to be no doubt that Christ is the Messiah that everyone has been waiting
B.   Peter's Answer
1.   "Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, that one of the prophets of long ago has come back to life."
2.   Peter's answer (and Luke's answer for that matter) that He is the Christ, the Messiah of God
C.   Command of Secrecy
1.   The Apostle gained greater knowledge and insight after the resurrection - just because they have figured out who He was, doesn't mean they could stand up to the criticism and questioning
2.   Not only Jesus could have been killed from these claims, but the Apostles could have been killed - and they needed to stick around for a while
3.   Would have expedited Christ's death - and He probably did not want that because it wasn't in God's plan
4.   Jesus possibly did not want to gain so much popularity so that Pontius Pilate was not afraid to punish, and crucify Him (the implications are pretty drastic though)
D.   The title of Messiah
1.   meaning: "the Anointed One"
2.   Hebrew - implies Priests and kings
3.   Greek - implies "oily person" - no connotation of Priest or King
4.   Didn't really have a lot meaning outside of Judea
IV.   The Transfiguration and the Baptism Scene
A.   Parallels between Baptism and Transfiguration
Baptism Scene
" Launches Galilean ministry
¥ Jesus called "Beloved Son" by voice
from heaven
" Launches journey towards Jerusalem
¥ Jesus called "Chosen Son" by voice from
B.   Both events mark a point that can't be turned back from - no saying "okay I am just kidding I want to go back to be a carpenter"
C.   How did they know they were Moses and Elijah?
1.   Could have overheard in conversation with Jesus
2.   Could have been added later after Christ told His apostles who they were
D.   Why Moses and Elijah
1.   In apocryphal literature says that Moses also ascended into Heaven - which makes both of them "resurrected figures" of the OT
2.   They were the two biggest hot-shots from the OT
3.   They represent the Law and the Prophets
4.   As high and Moses and Elijah were - God confirmed to Jesus that He was His Son and that Jesus was much higher
E.   Subject matter of their get together
1.   They are talking about Christ's soon departure
2.   Sets the expectation of what is to come - kind of like the beginning of a roller coaster and knowing that fear and events are coming up even if they aren't yet
V.   Jesus' encounter with Samaritans
A.   Comparison of Jews and Samaritans
" Mt. Zion
" Southern kingdom
" Hebrew Bible
" Jerusalem temple
" Mt. Gerizim
" Northern kingdom
" Samaritan Bible
" Samaritan temple
B.   As far as Luke is concerned Samaritans are considered Israel - the message of the kingdom of God belongs to them to just as it does the Jews, the blind, the hurting, etcÉ
C.   Samaritans were the first non-Jews to be preached at in Acts