Life & Teachings of Jesus
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
April 16, 2002
"The Last Supper"

I.   Passover and the Last Supper
A.   The Significance of the Passover
B.   aka Feast of Unleavened Bread
1.   Celebrated for eight days
2.   Nothing is eaten with yeast
3.   Celebration from Exodus
C.   The Four Cups
D.   Imagery of the Lamb
1.   The three pieces of Mazah
2.   The middle piece being hidden and broken
II.   The Covenant Meal
A.   Pharisees
1.   Temple and table
a.   Pharisees took God's words that they are all a priestly nation that everyone must abide by the priestly laws of purity
b.   When everyone's a priest, then the kitchen table becomes an altar
2.   Table and covenant - Sir 9:15 Let the righteous be your dinner companions, and let your glory be in the fear of the Lord
a.   Jesus attacks this idea because it isn't the healthy that need a doctor
b.   God's covenant with all of Israel, not just the righteous
3.   Table reinforced social boundaries
B.   Qumran Community
1.   Highly ritualized
2.   Hierarchies established
3.   Symbolized
a.   Purity of the community
b.   Covenant relationship to God
c.   Reinforced social boundaries
4.   The eschatological meal of Qumran
a.   Looked forward to "the last days" when the meal would be eaten with the Messiah(s)
b.   Compare Matt 26:29 "I tell you, I will never again drink of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom."
c.   The Fourth cup