Life & Teachings of Jesus
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
February 19, 2002
"Jesus & the Wisdom Tradition"
A. Aphorism - a wise saying that disrupts the status quo
declaration or saying
a personal insight (either in human nature or how god works, etc &)
the status quo
a cynic is going to say
traditional values (or status quo)
a priest or a king is going to say
meschalim (sing. mashal)
metaphor or simile
formulaic (the kingdom of heaven is like &)
D. Sage - practitioner of wisdom
as a Sage
Wisdom genre (70% of sayings)
not use prophetic formulas (thus sayeth the Lord &)
often called a prophet
3. "Sage" or "Prophetic Sage"
III. The Wisdom Genre
uphold status quo
1. Contrast Jesus' sayings
an idealized cultural order
be applied properly - Application is just as important as the wisdom behind it
content, and context all important
D. Often jar or
disrupt the reader or hearer with unexpected elements
IV. Types of Wisdom
1. Not used to interpret the OT Bible - unlike most people who used Parables
is always on the reign of God
1. Used very few Proverbs - He wasn't about maintaining the status quo
5:20 Why should you be intoxicated, my son, by another woman and embrace
the bosom of an adulteress?
the status quo
10:31 "But many who are first will be last, and the last will be first."
2:27 Then he said to them, "The Sabbath was made for humankind, and not humankind for the Sabbath."
A. "A sage from below"
C. Audience - the poor and disenfranchised