Life & Teachings of Jesus
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
February 7, 2002
"Teaching of God's Reign - the Sermon on the Mount"

I.   The Ethics of the Sermon
A.   Problem for the tradition - the demand for perfection
B.   No "realized eschatology" here
1.   No recognition of the eschatological kingdom is at hand
2.   The kingdom is for the future
C.   The Beatitudes
1.   Focus on blessing the oppressed
2.   Isaiah 61 focus
II.   Piety (social life intersection with God) in the Sermon
A.   "Salt of the earth" (Matt 5:13)
B.   Law and righteousness (5:17-20)
C.   Practicing piety (6:1-21)
1.   Alms - giving that goes straight to the poor
2.   Prayer
3.   Fasting
III.   Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls
A.   What are the scrolls?
1.   Collection of OT books and extra-biblical books
B.   Where were they found
1.   Near the dead sea
2.   Preserved by the dry and dusty area
3.   Lowest point on the entire earth (1200 feet below sea level)
C.   What do they contain
1.   Biblical books (multiple copies)
a.   Probably written between 300-150 BC
b.   1,000 years earlier than any other text we had
c.   Very similar to the scrolls that were written around 900-1000 AD
2.   Targums (Aramiaic translations of biblical books)
3.   Commentaries on biblical books
4.   Apocryphal and pseudepigraphic books
5.   Legal texts of the community
6.   Communal rules
7.   Psalms, hymns, and liturgies
8.   Eschatological texts
D.   Why are they important
1.   Give evidence for varieties of Judaisms in Jesus' day
a.   Sadducees
b.   Pharisees
2.   Offer many parallels to Jesus tradition
a.   Eschatology
b.   Criticism of temple elites
c.   Vision of alternative Judaism
d.   Belief that the Holy Spirit speaks through their anointed Teacher of Righteousness