Life & Teachings of Jesus
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Kathryn Smith
January 31, 2002
"Jesus & Q"

I.   What is Q?
A.   A reconstructed text (see II.)
1.    Common words of Matthew and Luke - not in Mark
a.   Matthew and Luke only share sayings
b.   They show up relatively in the same order
2.    "Two Source Hypothesis"
a.   Mark primary source number one
b.   Q is second primary source
c.   Has to be some other little sources but not primary sources
B.   Genre of Q - Wisdom
1.    Closest canonical book - James
2.    Closest non-canonical book - Thomas
3.    Matthew knows that the "wisdom" code word in the Q-community refers to Jesus - Luke didn't understand this point
a.   Luke 11:49 Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,'
b.   Matt. 23:34 Therefore I send you prophets, sages, and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and pursue from town to town,
c.   This explains how the early Christians could understand how their was only one God but still kept the concept of the trinity
C.   Structure of Q
1.    Based on oral tradition
2.    It has a very clear beginning, end, & flow
3.    The most prominent section is the sermon on the mount (Luke's version: Sermon on the plain)
4.    Matthew more closely relates to the theme of Q than Luke does
5.    Verse orders are based on Luke
a.   Not guaranteed the actual order but they are mostly confident
b.   Chapters and verses skip around
D.   Date and provenance (place of writing)
1.    Pre-dates the destruction of Jerusalem
2.    Between 50 - 70 AD
3.    Most likely the test was written in Galilee
II.   The Development of the Synoptic Gospels
A.   It is believed that Matthew and Luke had Mark and Q in front of them
B.   They also had a second-minor source that attributed to different details
1.    "M" is Matthew's alternative source for Matthew (very little details)
2.    "L" is Luke's alternative source for Luke (very little details)
III.   Theology of Q
A.   Not concerned with the resurrection at all (similar to Thomas)
B.   Teaching of the kingdom (similar to Thomas)
C.   The Law (torah)
1.    They keep the law very strictly
2.    The purpose of God is to show the nature of God
3.    When the principles of the torah are carried out that we'll be learning by doing the attributes of God
4.    No clear Gentile mission yet - gentiles talked about only in light of the fact the "heathens" were doing better than the Jews
D.   Judgment - those who reject this message there would be strong judgment
E.   Christology
1.    Definitely view Jesus as a divine figure - not necessarily God but from heaven and greater than any other being ever to live
2.    Did not call Him or feel the need to call Him Messiah
3.    Sided with Luke and related to Jesus from Isaiah 61
4.    Recognizes that He is the one to return
IV.   The Main Text of Q
A.   John the Baptist (Q 3:7-9, 16b-17)
B.   The temptation (Q 4:1-13)
1.    Jesus quotes from Deuteronomy
2.    Aides in seeing Q is focused on the torah (the Law)
C.   Inaugural Sermon (Q 6:20-ff.)
1.    The is the center or apex of Q
2.    It would make sense since they were concerned most with Jesus' teaching