Hebrew Prophets II
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Bruce Baloian
April 22, 2003

I.   Structural Outline
A.   Night Vision
1.   General Introduction
2.   Eight Night Vision
a.   Four Horse Men and the Man among the Myrtle tree
b.   Four Horns and Four S
II.   Background
A.   Date: 520 BC (potentially October or November)
B.   Name means Yhwh Remembers
1.   Theologically meaning of Name: Yhwh is about to Act
2.   God saying, "I remember what I said I was going to do and I am going to do something about it"
C.   Haggai and Zechariah seemed to be concerned with is the rebuilding the temple
D.   Zechariah is quoted 71 times in the NT
1.   31 from chapters 1-8
2.   40 from chapters 9-14
3.   31 Quotations from Revelation
4.   27 Quotations from Gospels (primarily from the passion week)
5.   The most quotations from a "small book"
E.   Genre
1.   Post-exilic Literature
2.   Pre-Apocalyptic
a.   Apocalyptic literature are message from God usually through a mediator
b.   Seems to be concerned with future events
c.   At times the "Sear" is allowed to look into the Heavens
d.   Determinism is strong in apocalyptic literature (unlike Jeremiah that says your actions will determine your future)
e.   Common phrase: "In the Spirit"
f.   Very symbolic
i.   Prophetic Symbolism: clearly understandable for the time period it was written
ii.   Apocalyptic Symbolism: almost seems to be written in code so that it takes a lot of understanding and depth to catch the symbolism
F.   Simple Outline
1.   Chapters 1-8: Eight Night Visions
a.   Clearly refer to the future
b.   Extremely symbolic
2.   Chapters 9-14: Two Oracles
G.   The Division Question
1.   Seems to be a "pre-exilic" authorship for chapters 9-14
2.   Matthew refers to Chapter 11 as prophecy of Jeremiah
3.   Some think chapters 9-14 can be written by two separate authors (not including Zechariah)
4.   Burden of the Lord is used in 9:1, and 12:1 - which is a very unique phrase
5.   190 BC Ben Sira refers to the 12 minor prophets
a.   If they were perceptive pieces they were put together by 190
b.   Most likely they were written together by the same author Zechariah
III.   Chapter 4
A.   Zerebubal is the Davidic King of Israel
B.   Lampstand with seven lamps on top of it with a bowl on top and an olive tree on both sides
C.   Imagery indicates that it is Yhwh is asking what Israel needs
D.   Verse 5: the first thing to know something is to know you don't know
E.   Verse 7: the great mount is the mount of rubble Jerusalem laid
1.   What Israel thought was impossible God says will be rebuilt
2.   It is rebuilt solely by God's grace
F.   This is a text about the future because in the present moment it seems impossible
IV.   Chapter 7 - What you need to fast from is unrighteousness