Hebrew Prophets II
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Bruce Baloian
April 8, 2003
"Jonah & Malachi"

I.   Jonah Background
A.   The book of Johan is the exact opposite of Nahum
B.   The Assyrians were not real loved (they impaled Israelites)
C.   Jonah was a Northern Prophet so probably some of his relatives were killed by Ninevites
II.   Malachi
A.   Background
1.   Timeframe
a.   Probably written in 460 BC during a time of disappointment and wayning morals
b.   539 BC - Jews allowed to God home
c.   520 BC - Enough Jews to rebuild their temple
d.   440 BC - Nehemiah revival
e.   This would put Malachi in-between
2.   Problems
a.   The name - mal'akhi
i.   mal - messenger or angel
ii.   akhi - (possession) my
iii.   mal'akhi- - my messenger
b.   Is the prophet name's a literal name, or is it just a title
B.   Malachi's Six Agendas
1.   Does the Lord love us? - before revival they had to realize they were Yhwh's elect
2.   Concern for false leaders - before revival we have to get rid of the false priests
3.   Marital fidelity and the issue of mixed marriage
4.   Is God Just?
a.   The key question is does it pay to be good?
b.   The response is Yhwh is eventually going to come, and once He does the judgment will be swift and quick
5.   The issue of tithing
6.   The justice of God (repeated from 4 indicating that it is very important)
C.   John the Baptist & Malachi
1.   When John the Baptist comes, he preaches judgment so people think he is the returning Elijah (the fulfillment of Malachi 4)
2.   John the Baptist refers to Christ as baptizing with fire, therefore, all who have heard the message of Christ will be judged
D.   Child's Point (on EXAM)
1.   The law and the prophets go hand and hand,
2.   It is probably this verse where they begin to understand the law and the prophets as one
3.   Notice that the last word of the OT Bible from the Greek/Christian perspective affirms that the law and the prophets are the same