Hebrew Prophets II
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Bruce Baloian
April 1, 2003

I.   Outline
A.   Superscription/Dating (1:1)
B.   Oracles (1:2-2:23)
1.   First Oracle: Disputation (1:2-14)
a.   People's Response (2-11)
b.   People's Response (12)
c.   Yhwh's Response (13)
d.   Joint of Action of People and God (14)
2.   Second Oracle: Eschatological Hope (1:5-2:9)
a.   Dating/Introductory Formula (1:15-2:2)
b.   Oracle Proper (2:3-9)
i.   Assessment of Condition (3)
ii.   Command to Take Heart (4a)
iii.   Reasons for Command/Hope (4b-9)
3.   Third Oracle: Disputation (2:10-19)
a.   Dating/Introductory formula (10)
b.   Oracle Proper (11-19)
i.   Questions to the Priests (11-14)
ii.   Promised Blessing (15-19)
4.   Fourth Oracle: Promise (2:20-23)
a.   Dating/Introductory formula (20-21a)
b.   Oracle Proper (21b-23)
i.   Promise of Shaking (21b-22)
ii.   Promise of Judah's glory (23)
II.   Background
A.   The Prophet
1.   Was a political activist
a.   Was not an idealist
b.   Does not mean we was void of spirituality
2.   It epitomizes post-exilic Judaism, very pro-Jewish
B.   The only concern in the book appears to be rebuilding the physical
1.   If you want to follow God you have to build the earthly temple
2.   Reason: the earthly temple glorifies God in His heavenly temple
C.   Date: 520 BC - during the Persian period
1.   One of the poorest eras - he uses this era to contrast with the age to come
2.   One of the most unpopulated eras - Three types of people present
a.   Poor Jews that were left from the exile
b.   Jews returning from Babylon (probably wealthier)
c.   Samaritans
3.   It is this small, poor community that gives the world the Bible
D.   Location: Jerusalem
III.   Haggai's Main Points
A.   Haggai isn't against them having nice houses, but he is concerned with them having nice houses if Yhwh's house
B.   Israel's response is to listen to the message and they begin to rebuild the temple
C.   Sometimes you make no spiritual progress until you do something physical
D.   There definitely was a political message
E.   He wasn't building a kingdom, he was building a building - but with out the building there would be no kingdom
F.   Particular obedience is the cause of great messianic eschatological blessing, as well as immediate blessing
G.   God seems always have a delay between when he decides something into action and when it actually takes place - delay the world there is always delay and the delay is the opportunity for faith