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Hebrew Prophets II
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Bruce Baloian
March 25, 2003
"Zephaniah"

I.   Why prophesy to a nation you weren't a member to?
A.   Prophets saw God to be the universal God for all people
B.   They saw God sovereign over history and the world
C.   Center of Prophecy
1.   Goodness
2.   Justice
3.   God is the champion of those things for the helpless
D.   Reason for God's wrath
1.   Disloyalty to Yhwh
2.   The oppression against those who are weak
3.   In the case of prophecies against the nations it is always the later
E.   Difference Between Judgment of Gentiles and Israelites
1.   Anyone is punished for hurting anyone
2.   Those who hurt Israel however get charged double to some degree (special wrath)
II.   The Book of Zepheniah
A.   Outline
1.   Superscription (1:1)
2.   Oracles (1:2-3:20)
a.   Oracles of Judgment (1:2-3:8)
i.   Universal Judgment (1:2-2:3)
ii.   Oracles Against the Nations (2:4-15)
iii.   Oracle Against Jerusalem (3:1-5)
iv.   Oracle Against Nations (3:6-8)
b.   Oracles of Salvation (3:9-20)
i.   Promise of Salvation (3:9-13)
ii.   Oracle of Salvation/Psalm (3:14-20)
1)   Imperative (3:14)
2)   Reasons for Imperative (3:15-20)
1.   He will deliver Jerusalem (3:15-17)
2.   He will gather the exiles (3:18-20)
B.   What is Zepheniah prophesying against
1.   Enemy of the north
a.   Not really speaking of Babylon though
b.   Could be Skythians from Russia
2.   This text may not be referring to a historical situation at all
3.   This text may be a liturgy towards all judgments and all salvations
4.   The theological emphasis of the text may not be who gets judgment, but that it came from God
III.   The word ruach (trans. Spirit)
A.   Used in Israel's text until 850 BC and then again from 600 BC on
1.   The reason for the gap is because there was a charismatic movement during the time and it began to get associated with pagan worship
2.   Instead of making comments like the Spirit of Lord, comments were made like the Word of the Lord
B.   Usage
1.   1/3 times in OT is in reference to air that moves
2.   1/4 times began to refer to God - at times God acts in a wind-like manner
a.   Invisible
b.   Powerful
c.   Uncontrollable by man
3.   Sometimes it can mean "side"
4.   Ezekiel 37 uses for a bunch of random stuff
Genesis 1:2
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 3:8
cool H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 6:3
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 6:17
breath H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 7:15
breath H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 7:22
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Genesis 8:1
wind H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 26:35
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Genesis 41:8
mind H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 41:38
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Genesis 45:27
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Exodus 6:9
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Exodus 10:13
wind H08120 Equal Word
wind H08120 Equal Word
Exodus 10:19
wind, - H08120 Equal Word
Exodus 14:21
wind H08120 Equal Word
Exodus 15:8
blast H08120 Equal Word
Exodus 15:10
breath, H08120 Equal Word
Exodus 28:3
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +01
Exodus 31:3
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Exodus 35:21
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Exodus 35:31
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 5:14
feelings - H08120 Equal Word
* - H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +02
Numbers 5:30
feelings H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 11:17
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 11:25
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 11:26
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 11:29
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 11:31
wind H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 14:24
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 16:22
spirits tO H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 24:2
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 27:16
spirits tO H08120 Equal Word
Numbers 27:18
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Deuteronomy 2:30
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Deuteronomy 34:9
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Joshua 2:11
courage H08120 Equal Word
Joshua 5:1
courage H08120 Equal Word
Judges 3:10
Spirit - H08120 Equal Word
Judges 6:34
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Judges 8:3
resentment H08120 Equal Word
Judges 9:23
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Judges 11:29
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Judges 13:25
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Judges 14:6
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Judges 14:19
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Judges 15:14
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Judges 15:19
strength H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 1:15
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
1 Samuel 10:6
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 10:10
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 11:6
Spirit - H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 16:13
Spirit - H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 16:14
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 16:15
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 16:16
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 16:23
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 18:10
spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 19:9
spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 19:20
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 19:23
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Samuel 30:12
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
2 Samuel 13:39
spirit H08120 Equal Word (Variant: in NIV but not in BHS)
2 Samuel 22:11
wind. H08120 Equal Word
2 Samuel 22:16
breath H08120 Equal Word
2 Samuel 23:2
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Kings 10:5
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -02
1 Kings 18:12
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Kings 18:45
wind H08120 Equal Word
1 Kings 19:11
wind H08120 Equal Word
wind. H08120 Equal Word
wind H08120 Equal Word
1 Kings 21:5
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +01
1 Kings 22:21
spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Kings 22:22
spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Kings 22:23
spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Kings 22:24
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
2 Kings 2:9
spirit," H08120 Equal Word
2 Kings 2:15
spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Kings 2:16
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Kings 3:17
wind H08120 Equal Word
2 Kings 19:7
spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Chronicles 5:26
spirit H08120 Equal Word
* H08120 Repeated Hebrew Word
1 Chronicles 9:24
sides: tw " H08120 Equal Word
1 Chronicles 12:18
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
1 Chronicles 28:12
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 9:4
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -02
2 Chronicles 15:1
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 18:20
spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 18:21
spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 18:22
spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 18:23
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 20:14
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 21:16
hostility H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 24:20
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
2 Chronicles 36:22
heart H08120 Equal Word
Ezra 1:1
heart H08120 Equal Word
Ezra 1:5
heart H08120 Equal Word
Nehemiah 9:20
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Nehemiah 9:30
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Job 1:19
wind H08120 Equal Word
Job 4:9
blast H08120 Equal Word
Job 4:15
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Job 6:4
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Job 6:26
wind? H08120 Equal Word
Job 7:7
breath; H08120 Equal Word
Job 7:11
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Job 8:2
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Job 9:18
breath H08120 Equal Word
Job 10:12
spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Job 12:10
breath H08120 Equal Word
Job 15:2
empty H08120 Equal Word
Job 15:13
rage H08120 Equal Word
Job 15:30
breath H08120 Equal Word
Job 16:3
long-winded H08120 Equal Word
Job 17:1
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Job 19:17
breath H08120 Equal Word
Job 20:3
inspires H08120 Equal Word
Job 21:4
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +01
Job 21:18
wind, H08120 Equal Word
Job 26:13
breath H08120 Equal Word
Job 27:3
breath H08120 Equal Word
Job 28:25
wind H08120 Equal Word
Job 30:15
wind, H08120 Equal Word
Job 30:22
wind; H08120 Equal Word
Job 32:8
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
Job 32:18
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Job 33:4
Spirit - H08120 Equal Word
Job 34:14
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Job 37:21
wind H08120 Equal Word
Job 41:16
air H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 1:4
wind H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 11:6
wind H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 18:10
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 18:15
breath H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 18:42
wind; H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 31:5
spirit; H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 32:2
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 33:6
breath H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 34:18
spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 35:5
wind, H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 48:7
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 51:10
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 51:11
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 51:12
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 51:17
spirit; H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 55:8
tempest H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 76:12
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 77:3
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 77:6
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 78:8
spirits H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 78:39
breeze H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 83:13
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 103:16
wind H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 104:3
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 104:4
winds tw " H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 104:29
breath, H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 104:30
Spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 106:33
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 107:25

<* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +01

Psalm 135:7
wind H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 135:17
breath H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 139:7
Spirit? H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 142:3
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 143:4
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 143:7
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 143:10
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 146:4
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 147:18
breezes, H08120 Equal Word
Psalm 148:8
winds H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 1:23
heart H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 11:13
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Proverbs 11:29
wind, H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 14:29
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Proverbs 15:4
spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 15:13
spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 16:2
motives tw " H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 16:18
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 16:19
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 16:32
temper H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 17:22
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 17:27
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Proverbs 18:14
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 25:14
wind H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 25:23
wind H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 25:28
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -02
Proverbs 27:16
wind H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 29:11
anger, H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 29:23
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Proverbs 30:4
wind H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 1:6
wind H08120 Equal Word
* H08120 Repeated Hebrew Word
Ecclesiastes 1:14
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 1:17
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 2:11
wind; H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 2:17
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 2:26
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 3:19
breath; H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 3:21
spirit H08120 Equal Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 4:4
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 4:6
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 4:16
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 5:16
wind? H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 6:9
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 7:8
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Ecclesiastes 7:9
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 8:8
wind H08120 Equal Word
it; H08120 Reverse/Substitute Translation
Ecclesiastes 10:4
anger H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 11:4
wind H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 11:5
wind, H08120 Equal Word
Ecclesiastes 12:7
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 4:4
spirit H08120 Equal Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 7:2
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 11:2
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 11:4
breath H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 11:15
wind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 17:13
wind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 19:3
heart, - H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 19:14
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 25:4
breath H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 26:9
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 26:18
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 27:8
blast H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 28:6
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 29:10
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +02
Isaiah 29:24
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 30:1
Spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 30:28
breath H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 31:3
spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 32:2
wind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 32:15
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 33:11
breath H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 34:16
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 37:7
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 38:16
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 40:7
breath H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 40:13
mind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 41:16
wind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 41:29
wind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 42:1
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 42:5
life H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 44:3
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 48:16
Spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 54:6
spirit  H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 57:13
wind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 57:15
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 57:16
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 59:19
breath H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 59:21
Spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 61:1
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 61:3
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 63:10
Spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 63:11
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 63:14
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 64:6
wind H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 65:14
spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Isaiah 66:2
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 2:24
wind H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 4:11
wind H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 4:12
wind H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 5:13
wind H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 10:13
wind H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 10:14
breath H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 13:24
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 14:6
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Jeremiah 18:17
wind - H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 22:22
wind H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 49:32
winds H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 49:36
winds tw " H08120 Equal Word
winds, tw "j"r H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 51:1
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 51:11
* H08120 Not in English
Jeremiah 51:16
wind H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 51:17
breath H08120 Equal Word
Jeremiah 52:23
sides; H08120 Equal Word
Lamentations 4:20
breath, H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 1:4
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +01
Ezekiel 1:12
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 1:20
spirit H08120 Equal Word
* H08120 Repeated Hebrew Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 1:21
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 2:2
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 3:12
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 3:14
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 3:24
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 5:2
wind. H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 5:10
winds. H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 5:12
winds H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 8:3
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 10:17
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 11:1
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 11:5
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
mind. H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 11:19
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 11:24
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 12:14
winds H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 13:3
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 13:11
winds H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 13:13
wind, - H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 17:10
wind H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 17:21
winds. H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 18:31
spirit. H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 19:12
wind H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 20:32
mind H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 21:7
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 27:26
wind H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 36:26
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 36:27
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 37:1
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 37:5
breath H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 37:6
breath H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 37:8
breath H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 37:9
breath; H08120 Equal Word
it, H08120 Reverse/Substitute Translation
winds, tw " H08120 Equal Word
breath, H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 37:10
breath H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 37:14
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 39:29
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 42:16
side H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 42:17
side; H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 42:18
side; H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 42:19
side H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 42:20
sides. tw " H08120 Equal Word
Ezekiel 43:5
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Daniel 2:1
mind H08120 Equal Word
Daniel 2:3
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word +01
Daniel 8:8
winds tw " H08120 Equal Word
Daniel 11:4
winds tw " H08120 Equal Word
Hosea 4:12
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Hosea 4:19
whirlwind H08120 Equal Word
Hosea 5:4
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Hosea 8:7
wind H08120 Equal Word
Hosea 9:7
inspired H08120 Equal Word
Hosea 12:1
wind; H08120 Equal Word
Hosea 13:15
wind H08120 Equal Word
Joel 2:28
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Joel 2:29
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Amos 4:13
wind, H08120 Equal Word
Jonah 1:4
wind - H08120 Equal Word
Jonah 4:8
wind, H08120 Equal Word
Micah 2:7
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Micah 2:11
* H08120 Hebrew Helper Word -01
Micah 3:8
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Habakkuk 1:11
wind H08120 Equal Word
Habakkuk 2:19
breath H08120 Equal Word
Haggai 1:14
spirit H08120 Equal Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Haggai 2:5
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 2:6
winds tw " H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 4:6
Spirit,' H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 5:9
wind H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 6:5
spirits tw "j"r H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 6:8
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 7:12
Spirit H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 12:1
spirit - H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 12:10
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Zechariah 13:2
spirit H08120 Equal Word
Malachi 2:15
spirit H08120 Equal Word
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
Malachi 2:16
spirit, H08120 Equal Word
5.   
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