Hebrew Prophets II
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Bruce Baloian
February 18, 2003
"False Prophets"

I.   Lindblom's observations about False Prophets
A.   What they did not do
1.   False prophets never have a "call" from the Lord in their life
2.   False prophets enable synchrotism - they combined Yhwh & Baal
3.   False prophets deliver messages for money
4.   False prophets use magical rites and try to guarantee God by ritual
5.   False prophets are alcoholics/drunkards (potentially sexually immoral as well)
6.   False prophets tend to preach shalom/peace
B.   What they did do
1.   They had visions and revelations
2.   They spoke Yhwh's name
3.   They performed symbolic action
4.   There was nothing in their form of speech that would separate them from true prophets
II.   True Prophets
A.   Deuteronomy
1.   If what they say does not come true they are not a true prophet (Deut 13)
2.   If what they say takes you away from God then they should not be listened to as well (Deut 18)
B.   True prophets did not necessarily preach peace, but it was not necessarily bad news
C.   True prophets had no power, but spoke to power hierarchy
D.   True prophets sees reality and politics of a country as a covenant between nation and God
III.   Types of prophecy competition
A.   Yhwh Prophets vs. Non-Yhwh Prophets
1.   Elijah vs. Baal Prophets
a.   Conflicted solved by competition of power
b.   Called upon divine power
2.   Moses vs. Pharaoh's Prophets
a.   Moses makes a snake, Pharaoh's prophets made a snake
b.   Call upon divine power
3.   Daniel vs. Lion/King Cyrus
4.   Joseph vs. Pharaoh's Diviner's
B.   Yhwh Prophet vs. Israel (Yhwh's Prophets)
1.   Jeremiah vs. General Yhwh's Prophet (Jeremiah 27)
a.   Message deals with the whole earth - Amon, Moab, Sidon, etcÉ (v. 1-11)
b.   Message deals with prophets of Yhwh (v. 12-15)
c.   Message deals with Israel/Judah (v. 16-22)
d.   He was telling them to still worship Yhwh, just while being captured by Babylon
2.   Jeremiah vs. Hananiah/Yhwh Prophet (Jeremiah 28)
a.   Hananiah predicting restoration (v. 1-4)
b.   Jeremiah rebukes Hananiah for his speech (v. 5-9)
i.   He hopes Hananiah's prophecy comes true (v. 6)
ii.   But in actuality, it ain't going to happen (v. 7-9)
c.   Hananiah's response: humiliates Jeremiah (v. 10-11)
d.   Hananiah died 2 months later - 5th month to 7th month (v. 17)
3.   Jeremiah informs those who are in exile and are not going to see home again that God has a plan for them not to hurt and to prosper them (29:11) - In the context, it totally changes the meaning of this verse around
IV.   Ways to interpret the validness of prophecy
A.   Methods
1.   Some believe prophecy is only when it is condemnation
2.   Some believe it is prophecy only when God's power is shown
3.   FalseProphetsHermeneutical Triangle
B.   Some things have to be affirmed before interpretation
1.   There is always an ever changing culture context
2.   You have to confirm the dynamic personality of God
a.   It is easier to be true to a vivid religious experience and say I will never alter that than it is to be convicted to Christ
b.   Those often most effective at attacking effective Christian leaders/prophets are those who have had valid religious experience and attempted to fossilize that
3.   True prophets knows the tradition/text, but listens freshly to the voice of the Lord in this day
4.   True prophets take into account the significant issues of the present day, a false prophet does not
V.   Jeremiah
A.   Saw Babylon's capture of Israel deal with Israel's inability to maintain the covenant relationship
B.   Two major issues
1.   Sickness/Healing
2.   Marriage/Infidelity (dominant)