Hebrew Prophets I
Azusa Pacific University
Dr. Gerald Wilson
October 29, 2002
"Introduction to Amos"
type of prophet is Amos?
A. naib - one who speaks for (traditional prophet)
B. ro'eh - seer (i.e. Samuel)
C. hozeh - visionary
7:10 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent a message to Jeroboam king of Israel: "Amos is raising a conspiracy against you in the very heart of Israel. The land cannot bear all his words.
11 For this is what Amos is saying: "ÔJeroboam will die by the sword, and Israel will surely go into exile, away from their native land.'"
Amos 7:12 Then Amaziah said to Amos, "Get out, you seer! Go back to the land of Judah. Earn your bread there and do your
prophesying there. 13 Don't prophesy anymore at Bethel, because this is the king's sanctuary and the temple of the kingdom."
Amos answered Amaziah, "I was neither a prophet
nor a prophet
's son, but I was a shepherd, and I also took care of sycamore-fig trees. 15
But the LORD took me from tending the flock and said to me, ÔGo, prophesy to my people Israel.' 16
Now then, hear the word of the LORD. You say, "ÔDo not prophesy against Israel, and stop preaching against the house of Isaac.'
1. Red = choze (form of ro'eh) = visionary
2. Blue = navi =
II. Amos' Message in Chapter 1 and 2
A. Title: Judgment of the Nations (You're Screwed)
1. Thus says Yhwh &
2. For 3 sins of "country X," or 4É
will not withhold Judgment (there is nothing that can be done)
5. What will be brought
C. Nations Involved
leads up to Israel
a. This method of using all the nations is to bring
self-judgment on themselves/Israel
b. In a sense going through a pep-rally because Israel would
want to pronounce judgment on their enemies and then he tacks on Israel for
c. Pattern breaks down with Israel
i. "I will bring a fireÉ" in the pattern ends indicates that that the prophecy against Israel is not
ii. The pattern was used to draw the audience (Israel) into
self-judgment, but the purpose of the letter goes beyond the pattern
iii. Rest of the book flows out of this